As a NEBOSH examiner, I see a range of different styles and approaches taken to answering national and international exam papers. One thing that I have noticed over the years is that learners that plan their answers generally do better when it comes to the allocation of marks. With exam season just around the corner, I thought it would be a good time to put my experience to good use and give you a few tips regarding planning and answering diploma questions to help you to get the best out of the exams you may be about to sit.
Preparing for your NEBOSH exams
The NEBOSH Diploma exam requires you to answer all six 10-mark questions from section A, and three 20-mark questions from a selection of 5 questions for part B.
By now, you should already be thinking about tackling your revision. Create a study timetable and start recapping on challenging topics. Take a look at our NEBOSH Diploma Study Guide for help with planning your revision.
Make sure you familiarise yourself with past exam questions. You should have a clear understanding of the command words used in each question, as this will determine how you answer and in what depth. Download our NEBOSH command words table for guidance on what each command word means.
Answering NEBOSH Diploma Exam Questions
Choose your questions carefully
Unlike the NEBOSH General Certificate exams, you should get 10 minutes reading time in the NEBOSH Diploma exams before you’re allowed to pick up your pen and write anything. You should be using this time to consider which questions you are going to answer first. Read the entire question carefully and start thinking about the answers in your head. Consider those command words.
Plan your answers
Careful planning will help you keep track of your answer by putting all your ideas forward in a logical way. Once you’re allowed to write, begin to plan your answers on paper to get essential information out of your brain and onto a page. This should be done before formulating constructive sentences around the material as part of your full answer.
There’s no right or wrong way to plan. For example, you could choose to write a list of single words that jog your memory, each of which can form a sentence or two within your answer. You could also draw lines on the plan if any of the points are linked.
A lot of learners find using a mind map or spider diagram helpful to gather information before writing their answer. It may look something like this…
I would suggest that for a 10-mark question, your plan should take no more than 3 minutes, and for a 20-mark question, around 5 minutes. Remember to keep an eye on the time as it’s vital that you answer all 9 questions to give yourself the best chance of scoring highly.
It’s your plan, so do what feels natural to you, but please consider that NEBOSH examiners won’t mark your plan, so it must always translate into an appropriate answer to score marks.
Answering the question
Each of the points within your plan should be expanded into a sentence or two to give a good answer to the question. Having done a plan, you can then tick off points discussed along the way. This will help make sure that you focus on the points in a clear way and don’t go off on a tangent. Don’t presume that the examiner will interpret your answer, they won’t, so make each point clear so that the examiner doesn’t have to guess what you are inferring.
If idea’s come to you as you’re writing an answer, put a word or two on the plan so you can come back to it later. You can see that I’ve included more than 10 points in my plan. I could write about them all (or just most), but you shouldn’t limit yourself to just 10 ideas for a 10 marker. If you do, you are presuming that all 10 ideas are markworthy, which may not be the case. Generally, the more different points you get down on the page, the better your chances.
When it comes to the NEBOSH Diploma exams, a positive marking approach is adopted. This means that marks aren’t deducted for missing or incorrect material. That said, if your information is not markworthy, it cannot score.
It’s also important to note that marking schemes for NEBOSH Diploma exam questions aren’t available to learners. This is deliberately done by NEBOSH to encourage you to apply information learnt, and not just regurgitate information committed to memory.
Most learners score well in the first 5 minutes of a question as they get all the quick wins/easy points out. It then gets progressively harder to get each of the points as you are thinking about the subject more in order to come up with different points than those already written down in your answer.
Use your plan to tick off points discussed along the way. This should help you to focus on the next point of the plan as you go. If you don’t get time to write down all of the points, perhaps as you have gone on to the next question due to time pressure, don’t forget that you can always come back to the question at the end. If your timing is correct, you should have allowed 5 minutes at the end check everything.
For more exam tips and guidance, take a look at our two-part blog on NEBOSH Diploma key exam techniques.
For more information on the NEBOSH Diploma, including our popular revision webinars, please visit our website.